Does cost–benefit analysis or self-control predict involvement in bullying behavior by male prisoners?
Article first published online: 21 OCT 2008
© 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Volume 35, Issue 1, pages 31–40, January/February 2009
How to Cite
Archer, J. and Southall, N. (2009), Does cost–benefit analysis or self-control predict involvement in bullying behavior by male prisoners?. Aggr. Behav., 35: 31–40. doi: 10.1002/ab.20283
- Issue published online: 3 DEC 2008
- Article first published online: 21 OCT 2008
- Manuscript Revised: 20 AUG 2008
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 AUG 2008
- Manuscript Received: 6 NOV 2007
- prison bullying;
- physical aggression;
- costs and benefits;
The main aim of this study is to assess whether lack of self-control or the perceived costs and benefits of aggression provide the better predictors of bullying behavior and victimization, and direct aggression perpetration, in a sample of 122 male British prisoners. We also assessed whether bullying was associated with height and weight. Zero-order correlations showed that perceived benefits, self-control, and perceived costs were most closely associated with perpetration of bullying, and that lack of self-control was weakly associated with victimization. Height and weight were unrelated to bullying or victimization. In a standard regression analyses, perceived benefits was the strongest predictor of bullying perpetration, with lack of self-control contributing further; all three variables made a significant contribution when direct aggression was the criterion. Mediation analysis showed that a combined cost–benefit measure partially mediated the association between self-control and both bullying and direct aggression. The findings are discussed in relation to explanations of aggression based on impulse control or a cost–benefit analysis. Aggr. Behav. 35:31–40, 2009. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.