Contract grant sponsor: Generalitat Valenciana (Santiago Grisolía grant); Contract grant sponsor: The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.
2D:4D in Men Is Related to Aggressive Dominance but Not to Sociable Dominance
Article first published online: 24 APR 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 38, Issue 3, pages 208–212, May / June 2012
How to Cite
van der Meij, L., Almela, M., Buunk, A. P., Dubbs, S. and Salvador, A. (2012), 2D:4D in Men Is Related to Aggressive Dominance but Not to Sociable Dominance. Aggr. Behav., 38: 208–212. doi: 10.1002/ab.21422
- Issue published online: 24 APR 2012
- Article first published online: 24 APR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 DEC 2011
- Manuscript Received: 7 JAN 2011
- Generalitat Valenciana
- The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
- aggressive dominance;
- sociable dominance;
- prenatal testosterone
It has been shown that a smaller ratio between the length of the second and fourth digit (2D:4D) is an indicator of the exposure to prenatal testosterone (T). This study measured the 2D:4D of men and assessed dominance as a personality trait to investigate indirectly if the exposure to prenatal T is related to a dominant personality later in life. Results showed that men had a more aggressive dominant personality when having a more masculine (lower) 2D:4D, while there was no relationship between sociable dominance and 2D:4D. Findings from this study indicate that it is important to distinguish different forms of dominance since other studies failed to find relationships between dominance and 2D:4D. Aggr. Behav. 38:208–212, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.