Contract grant sponsor: National Research Plan; Contract grant number: PSI2010-17246; Contract grant sponsor: Excellence Research Program from Junta de Andalucía; Contract grant number: SEJ-6156; Contract grant sponsor: European Daphne Programme from European Union; Contract grant number: JLS/2096/DAP-1/241YC 30-CE-0120045/00-79.
The Emotional Impact of Bullying and Cyberbullying on Victims: A European Cross-National Study
Article first published online: 10 JUL 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 38, Issue 5, pages 342–356, September/October 2012
How to Cite
Ortega, R., Elipe, P., Mora-Merchán, J. A., Genta, M. L., Brighi, A., Guarini, A., Smith, P. K., Thompson, F. and Tippett, N. (2012), The Emotional Impact of Bullying and Cyberbullying on Victims: A European Cross-National Study. Aggr. Behav., 38: 342–356. doi: 10.1002/ab.21440
- Issue published online: 15 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 10 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 MAY 2012
- Manuscript Received: 13 MAY 2011
- National Research Plan. Grant Number: PSI2010-17246
- Excellence Research Program from Junta de Andalucía. Grant Number: SEJ-6156
- European Daphne Programme from European Union. Grant Number: JLS/2096/DAP-1/241YC 30-CE-0120045/00-79
- cyberbullying bullying;
Past research has demonstrated the effects of bullying can be severe and long term for the individuals involved. The main aim of this study is to analyze the emotional impact on victims of traditional bullying, both direct and indirect forms, and of cyberbullying through mobile phones and the Internet. A sample of 5,862 adolescents from three different countries, Italy (N = 1,964), Spain (N = 1,671), and England (N = 2,227), responded to a questionnaire that asked if they had experience of various forms of bullying, and the consequent emotional impact. The results show that both traditional bullying and cyberbullying have a significant prevalence in the samples. Emotional responses are linked to types of bullying. Analysis of answers identified specific emotional profiles for the different types of bullying and cyberbullying. Direct bullying and cyberbullying via mobile phone showed similar profiles, and also indirect bullying and cyberbullying using the Internet. Similarities and differences between profiles are discussed and some hypotheses are presented to explain the results. In addition, school grade, gender, country, and severity of bullying episodes were related to the specific emotional profiles of each type of bullying. Aggr. Behav. 38:342-356, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.