Individual differences in children's suggestibility: a review and synthesis
Version of Record online: 14 DEC 2004
Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Applied Cognitive Psychology
Special Issue: Individual and Developmental Differences in Suggestibility
Volume 18, Issue 8, pages 947–996, December 2004
How to Cite
Bruck, M. and Melnyk, L. (2004), Individual differences in children's suggestibility: a review and synthesis. Appl. Cognit. Psychol., 18: 947–996. doi: 10.1002/acp.1070
- Issue online: 14 DEC 2004
- Version of Record online: 14 DEC 2004
- National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Grant Number: HD392828
Over the last decade, there has been a significant growth in the study of individual differences factors predicting children's suggestibility. In this paper, we synthesize the results of 69 studies examining the relationship of demographic factors (socioeconomic status and gender), cognitive factors (intelligence, language, memory, theory of mind, executive functioning, behavioural ratings of distractibility, and creativity), and psycho-social factors (social engagement, self concept/self-efficacy, stress/emotional arousal/state anxiety, maternal attachment styles, parent-child relationship, parenting styles, temperament, and mental health) and children's suggestibility. We found that for cognitive factors, language ability and creativity were fairly consistently related to suggestibility. The highest correlations for psycho-social factors and suggestibility were obtained for measures of self-concept/self-efficacy, maternal attachment, and the parent-child relationship. Implications for future research and mechanisms underlying children's suggestibility are discussed. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.