The influence of schematic knowledge on contradictory versus additive misinformation: false memory for typical and atypical items

Authors

  • Robert J. Nemeth,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
    • Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, Science-Room D-240, Stevens Point, WI 54481, USA.
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    • Robert J. Nemeth is now at the Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point.

  • Robert F. Belli

    1. Department of Psychology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
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Abstract

In the current study, we examined the influence of schema consistency on contradictory and additive misinformation. Sixty-four participants were shown a series of still photographs of common scenes (e.g., a kitchen), were later exposed to narratives containing misinformation, and were then tested on their memory of the photographic scenes. In addition, participants were asked to reflect on their phenomenological experience of remembering by giving remember/know responses. Participants reported greater false memory for schema-inconsistent items than schema-consistent items. The findings failed to replicate Roediger, Meade, and Bergman (2001). Explanations for the discrepant findings are discussed. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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