Robert J. Nemeth is now at the Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point.
The influence of schematic knowledge on contradictory versus additive misinformation: false memory for typical and atypical items
Article first published online: 29 JUN 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Applied Cognitive Psychology
Special Issue: Bethschrift Redux: Research Inspired by the Work of Elizabeth F. Loftus
Volume 20, Issue 5, pages 563–573, July 2006
How to Cite
Nemeth, R. J. and Belli, R. F. (2006), The influence of schematic knowledge on contradictory versus additive misinformation: false memory for typical and atypical items. Appl. Cognit. Psychol., 20: 563–573. doi: 10.1002/acp.1207
- Issue published online: 29 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 29 JUN 2006
In the current study, we examined the influence of schema consistency on contradictory and additive misinformation. Sixty-four participants were shown a series of still photographs of common scenes (e.g., a kitchen), were later exposed to narratives containing misinformation, and were then tested on their memory of the photographic scenes. In addition, participants were asked to reflect on their phenomenological experience of remembering by giving remember/know responses. Participants reported greater false memory for schema-inconsistent items than schema-consistent items. The findings failed to replicate Roediger, Meade, and Bergman (2001). Explanations for the discrepant findings are discussed. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.