Memory distrust and acceptance of misinformation
Version of Record online: 17 JUL 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Applied Cognitive Psychology
Volume 24, Issue 6, pages 885–896, September 2010
How to Cite
van Bergen, S., Horselenberg, R., Merckelbach, H., Jelicic, M. and Beckers, R. (2010), Memory distrust and acceptance of misinformation. Appl. Cognit. Psychol., 24: 885–896. doi: 10.1002/acp.1595
- Issue online: 24 AUG 2010
- Version of Record online: 17 JUL 2009
Relying on a community sample (N = 80), the present study examined whether memory distrust is related to an increased tendency to accept misinformation and whether it interacts with passage of time. Participants were shown video footage of an armed robbery. Approximately 30 minutes later, they were asked to describe as accurately as possible what they had seen. Either 1 day or 2 weeks later they were presented with their own statements, to which five misinformation items had been added. The results showed that people suffering from memory distrust accepted more misinformation than those with optimistic beliefs about their memory. In addition, both age and free recall seemed to modulate this relationship. However, memory evaluation did not interact with time interval. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.