Post-identification feedback effects: Investigators and evaluators
Version of Record online: 17 SEP 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Applied Cognitive Psychology
Volume 25, Issue 5, pages 739–752, September/October 2011
How to Cite
MacLean, Carla. L., Brimacombe, C.A. E., Allison, M., Dahl, L. C. and Kadlec, H. (2011), Post-identification feedback effects: Investigators and evaluators. Appl. Cognit. Psychol., 25: 739–752. doi: 10.1002/acp.1745
- Issue online: 20 SEP 2011
- Version of Record online: 17 SEP 2010
We investigated the effects of post-identification feedback and viewing conditions on beliefs and interviewing tactics of participant-investigators, crime reports of participant-witnesses and participant-evaluators' credibility judgments of the witnesses. Study 1 participants assumed the roles of witness and investigator (N = 167 pairs). Witnesses' view of a simulated crime video was manipulated by distance from viewing monitor: 2 or 9 ft. Participants made a line-up identification and received either positive feedback or no feedback. Significant effects for witnesses and investigators were associated with viewing condition and post-identification feedback. Interviews between investigator-witness pairs were videotaped. Investigators asked more positive, leading questions when they were led to believe that the witness had identified the suspect. In Study 2 evaluators (N = 302) viewed the witness-investigator interviews. Viewing condition had no effect on judgments of witness credibility but positive post-identification feedback led evaluators to judge witnesses as more credible than witnesses who received no feedback. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.