Influence of Background Speech and Music in Interrupted Reading: An Eye-Tracking Study
Article first published online: 9 OCT 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Applied Cognitive Psychology
Volume 26, Issue 3, pages 381–390, May/June 2012
How to Cite
Cauchard, F., Cane, J. E. and Weger, U. W. (2012), Influence of Background Speech and Music in Interrupted Reading: An Eye-Tracking Study. Appl. Cognit. Psychol., 26: 381–390. doi: 10.1002/acp.1837
- Issue published online: 16 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 9 OCT 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 SEP 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 15 JUN 2011
- Manuscript Received: 4 NOV 2010
The current study examined the influence of interruption, background speech and music on reading, using an eye movement paradigm. Participants either read paragraphs while being exposed to background speech or music or read the texts in silence. On half of the trials, participants were interrupted by a 60-second audio story before resuming reading the paragraph. Interruptions increased overall reading time, but the reading of text following the interruption was quicker compared with baseline. Background speech and music did not modulate the interruption effects, but the background speech slowed down the reading rate compared with reading in the presence of music or reading in silence. The increase in reading time was primarily due to an increase in the time spent rereading previously read words. We argue that the observed interruption effects are in line with a theory of long-term working memory, and we present practical implications for the reported background speech effects. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.