Looking for Cancer: Expertise Related Differences in Searching and Decision Making
Article first published online: 5 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Applied Cognitive Psychology
Volume 27, Issue 1, pages 43–49, January/February 2013
How to Cite
Donovan, T. and Litchfield, D. (2013), Looking for Cancer: Expertise Related Differences in Searching and Decision Making. Appl. Cognit. Psychol., 27: 43–49. doi: 10.1002/acp.2869
- Issue published online: 11 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 5 SEP 2012
We examined how the ability to detect lung nodules in chest x-ray inspection is reflected in experience-related differences in visual search and decision making, and whether the eye-tracking metric time-to-first hit showed systematic decreases across expertise levels are examined. In the study decision making improved with expertise, however, time-to-first fixate a nodule showed only a non-significant trend to decrease with expertise. Surprisingly, naïve and expert observers allocated less visual attention at nodules compared with first and third year radiography students. This similarity in visual attention at nodules but not in decision making was explained by the fact that naïve observers were more likely to fixate and make errors on distracter regions. Time-to-first hit has been linked to expert performance in mammography, but in this study was not sufficiently sensitive to demonstrate clear linear improvements across expertise groups. This brings into question the use of this metric as an indirect measure of rapid initial holistic processing. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.