Special Issue Article
The Transient Information Effect: Investigating the Impact of Segmentation on Spoken and Written text
Article first published online: 28 NOV 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Applied Cognitive Psychology
Special Issue: New Directions and Challenges to Cognitive Load Theory
Volume 26, Issue 6, pages 848–853, November/December 2012
How to Cite
Singh, A.-M., Marcus, N. and Ayres, P. (2012), The Transient Information Effect: Investigating the Impact of Segmentation on Spoken and Written text. Appl. Cognit. Psychol., 26: 848–853. doi: 10.1002/acp.2885
- Issue published online: 28 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 28 NOV 2012
- Australian Research Council. Grant Number: DP1095685
The transient information effect occurs when explanatory information disappears before it can be adequately processed and leads to inferior learning than more permanent sources of information. Two experiments, involving grade 10 students, investigated the impact of segmentation on a common form of transient information (spoken text) and a more permanent form of information (written text). It was found that segmenting text into smaller sections benefits both modalities. However, the largest impact of segmentation was found with the spoken text. Furthermore, evidence emerged that the written text led to superior learning than an identical spoken text. The overall results suggest that using long-spoken explanatory texts can have a negative impact on learning, unless transitory effects are reduced. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.