An earlier report on this research was presented at the 2012 meeting of the American Psychology–Law Society.
The Appearance-Change Instruction Does Not Improve Line-up Identification Accuracy
Article first published online: 9 DEC 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Applied Cognitive Psychology
Volume 28, Issue 2, pages 151–160, March/April 2014
How to Cite
Porter, D., Moss, A. and Reisberg, D. (2014), The Appearance-Change Instruction Does Not Improve Line-up Identification Accuracy. Appl. Cognit. Psychol., 28: 151–160. doi: 10.1002/acp.2985
- Issue published online: 6 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 9 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 21 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 12 JAN 2013
In many jurisdictions, police instruct a witness, before presenting a photo line-up, that the suspect's appearance may be different in the photo than it was at the time of the crime. The experiments reported here examine the impact of this ‘appearance-change instruction’ (ACI), exploring its effects with different crimes, perpetrators, line-ups, and different phrasings of the ACI. The data indicate that the ACI increases witnesses' willingness to make a choice from a line-up but does not increase accuracy. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.