Believing in a Purpose of Events: Cross-Cultural Evidence of Confusions in Core Knowledge
Article first published online: 21 JAN 2014
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Applied Cognitive Psychology
Volume 28, Issue 3, pages 432–437, May/June 2014
How to Cite
Barber, J. (2014), Believing in a Purpose of Events: Cross-Cultural Evidence of Confusions in Core Knowledge. Appl. Cognit. Psychol., 28: 432–437. doi: 10.1002/acp.3003
- Issue published online: 6 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 21 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 19 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Received: 4 JUL 2013
We examined beliefs in the purpose of events in the American population. Previously, separate researchers surveyed these beliefs in the Finnish population. Their methodology was used to assess the beliefs in a dissimilar demographic. Four hypotheses were tested using questionnaire responses (N = 429; 301 women; Mage = 20.46) and analyzed with structural equation modeling. As hypothesized, a positive correlation was found between beliefs in the purpose of events and paranormal beliefs. Confusions of core biological, physical, and psychological knowledge predicted the belief variables—as hypothesized, although model fit was mediocre. Core knowledge confusions were also hypothesized to predict religiousness and purposeful-event beliefs. A close-fitting model displayed weak predictive power and was interpreted as insufficient support for the third hypothesis. Lastly, we hypothesized and found that participants rated events they experienced as more purposeful than events that they did not experience. We provide insight for the findings and make suggestions for future studies. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.