Minimising misinformation effects in young children with cognitive interview mnemonics
Article first published online: 23 MAR 2004
Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Applied Cognitive Psychology
Volume 18, Issue 3, pages 263–281, April 2004
How to Cite
Holliday, R. E. and Albon, A. J. (2004), Minimising misinformation effects in young children with cognitive interview mnemonics. Appl. Cognit. Psychol., 18: 263–281. doi: 10.1002/acp.973
- Issue published online: 23 MAR 2004
- Article first published online: 23 MAR 2004
- Economic and Social Research Council, UK. Grant Number: R000223541
This research evaluated the effect of several variations of a Cognitive interview on 4–5-year-old children's correct recall and subsequent reporting of misinformation. Children viewed an event followed by misinformation that was read or self-generated before a Cognitive interview. Children were then given recognition tests under inclusion and exclusion instructions. Developmentally modified Cognitive interviews elicited significantly more correct details than control interviews. A Cognitive interview given after misinformation reduced children's reporting of misinformation at interview and reduced reporting of self-generated misinformation on memory tests. Moreover, this research shows that the report all and context reinstatement Cognitive interview mnemonics in combination can offer some protection against the negative effect of misinformation when given after such misinformation. Process dissociation analyses revealed that both recollection and familiarity contributed to children's reporting of misinformation. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.