Safety of tumor necrosis factor α blockers in hepatitis B virus occult carriers (hepatitis B surface antigen negative/anti–hepatitis B core antigen positive) with rheumatic diseases
Article first published online: 12 FEB 2010
Copyright © 2010 by the American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis Care & Research
Volume 62, Issue 6, pages 749–754, June 2010
How to Cite
Caporali, R., Bobbio-Pallavicini, F., Atzeni, F., Sakellariou, G., Caprioli, M., Montecucco, C. and Sarzi-Puttini, P. (2010), Safety of tumor necrosis factor α blockers in hepatitis B virus occult carriers (hepatitis B surface antigen negative/anti–hepatitis B core antigen positive) with rheumatic diseases. Arthritis Care Res, 62: 749–754. doi: 10.1002/acr.20130
- Issue published online: 28 MAY 2010
- Article first published online: 12 FEB 2010
- Accepted manuscript online: 12 FEB 2010 12:00AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 FEB 2010
- Manuscript Received: 1 OCT 2009
To assess the safety of anti–tumor necrosis factor α (anti-TNFα) therapy on the course of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in carriers of antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) affected by chronic inflammatory arthropathies.
From January 2001 to December 2008, HBV markers were determined before the first administration of anti-TNFα agents in all 732 patients affected by inflammatory arthropathies treated with anti-TNFα at 2 outpatient rheumatologic clinics in Northern Italy. Anti-HBc–positive patients were prospectively evaluated and HBV markers and HBV DNA were assessed every 6 months, in case of aminotransferase elevation, and at the end of the study.
At the time of recruitment, 72 patients were anti-HBc carriers, 5 of whom were positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and not included in the study. The ratio of men:women was 26:41 and the mean ± SD followup was 42.52 ± 21.33 months. Of the patients, 25 were treated with infliximab, 23 with etanercept, and 19 with adalimumab. Fifty-one patients were treated also with methotrexate, 52 with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, and 43 with prednisone (3 with a dosage >7.5 mg/day). All anti-HBc patients were HBV DNA negative at the first observation. During followup, no patient presented HBV reactivation with viral load increase and no patient became HBsAg positive.
Anti-HBc positivity in HBsAg-negative patients is a sign of previous HBV infection and does not indicate chronic hepatitis. In these patients, anti-TNFα therapy appears to be quite safe, as no HBV reactivation was found in our study. Nevertheless, careful monitoring is necessary.