• 1
    Wolfe F, Anderson J, Harkness D, Bennett RM, Caro XJ, Goldenberg DL, et al. A prospective, longitudinal, multicenter study of service utilization and costs in fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 1997; 40: 156070.
  • 2
    Carmona L, Ballina J, Gabriel R, Laffon A. The burden of musculoskeletal diseases in the general population of Spain: results from a national survey. Ann Rheum Dis 2001; 60: 10405.
  • 3
    White KP, Speechley M, Harth M, Ostbye T. The London Fibromyalgia Epidemiology Study: the prevalence of fibromyalgia syndrome in London, Ontario. J Rheumatol 1999; 26: 15706.
  • 4
    Wolfe F, Smythe HA, Yunus MB, Bennett RM, Bombardier C, Goldenberg DL, et al. The American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria for the classification of fibromyalgia: report of the Multicenter Criteria Committee. Arthritis Rheum 1990; 33: 16072.
  • 5
    Bennett RM, Jones J, Turk DC, Russell IJ, Matallana L. An Internet survey of 2,596 people with fibromyalgia. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2007; 8: 27.
  • 6
    Thomas AW, White KP, Drost DJ, Cook CM, Prato FS. A comparison of rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia patients and healthy controls exposed to a pulsed (200 microT) magnetic field: effects on normal standing balance. Neurosci Lett 2001; 309: 1720.
  • 7
    Tomas-Carus P, Gusi N, Hakkinen A, Hakkinen K, Leal A, Ortega-Alonso A. Eight months of physical training in warm water improves physical and mental health in women with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial. J Rehabil Med 2008; 40: 24852.
  • 8
    Jones KD, Horak FB, Winters-Stone K, Irvine JM, Bennett RM. Fibromyalgia is associated with impaired balance and falls. J Clin Rheumatol 2009; 15: 1621.
  • 9
    Tomas-Carus P, Hakkinen A, Gusi N, Leal A, Hakkinen K, Ortega-Alonso A. Aquatic training and detraining on fitness and quality of life in fibromyalgia. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2007; 39: 104450.
  • 10
    Jones KD, Burckhardt CS, Deodhar AA, Perrin NA, Hanson GC, Bennett RM. A six-month randomized controlled trial of exercise and pyridostigmine in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 2008; 58: 61222.
  • 11
    Gusi N, Tomas-Carus P, Hakkinen A, Hakkinen K, Ortega-Alonso A. Exercise in waist-high warm water decreases pain and improves health-related quality of life and strength in the lower extremities in women with fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 2006; 55: 6673.
  • 12
    Munguia-Izquierdo D, Legaz-Arrese A. Assessment of the effects of aquatic therapy on global symptomatology in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2008; 89: 22507.
  • 13
    Brosseau L, Wells GA, Tugwell P, Egan M, Wilson KG, Dubouloz CJ, et al. Ottawa Panel evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for strengthening exercises in the management of fibromyalgia: part 2. Phys Ther 2008; 88: 87386.
  • 14
    Rubin CT, Lanyon LE. Regulation of bone mass by mechanical strain magnitude. Calcif Tissue Int 1985; 37: 4117.
  • 15
    Rees SS, Murphy AJ, Watsford ML. Effects of whole body vibration on postural steadiness in an older population. J Sci Med Sport 2009; 12: 4404.
  • 16
    Cardinale M, Lim J. Electromyography activity of vastus lateralis muscle during whole-body vibrations of different frequencies. J Strength Cond Res 2003; 17: 6214.
  • 17
    Cardinale M, Rittweger J. Vibration exercise makes your muscles and bones stronger: fact or fiction? J Br Menopause Soc 2006; 12: 128.
  • 18
    Bruyere O, Wuidart MA, Di Palma E, Gourlay M, Ethgen O, Richy F, et al. Controlled whole body vibration to decrease fall risk and improve health-related quality of life of nursing home residents. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 86: 3037.
  • 19
    Verschueren SM, Roelants M, Delecluse C, Swinnen S, Vanderschueren D, Boonen S. Effect of 6-month whole body vibration training on hip density, muscle strength, and postural control in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled pilot study. J Bone Miner Res 2004; 19: 3529.
  • 20
    Gusi N, Raimundo A, Leal A. Low-frequency vibratory exercise reduces the risk of bone fracture more than walking: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2006; 7: 92.
  • 21
    Raimundo AM, Gusi N, Tomas-Carus P. Fitness efficacy of vibratory exercise compared to walking in postmenopausal women. Eur J Appl Physiol 2009; 106: 7418.
  • 22
    Alentorn-Geli E, Padilla J, Moras G, Lazaro Haro C, Fernandez-Sola J. Six weeks of whole-body vibration exercise improves pain and fatigue in women with fibromyalgia. J Altern Complement Med 2008; 14: 97581.
  • 23
    Aydog E, Bal A, Aydog ST, Cakci A. Evaluation of dynamic postural balance using the Biodex stability system in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Clin Rheumatol 2006; 25: 4627.
  • 24
    Arnold BL, Schmitz RJ. Examination of balance measures produced by the Biodex stability system. J Athl Train 1998; 33: 3237.
  • 25
    Biodex Medical Systems. Biodex balance system: clinical resource manual. New York: Biodex; 1999.
  • 26
    Gstottner M, Neher A, Scholtz A, Millonig M, Lembert S, Raschner C. Balance ability and muscle response of the preferred and nonpreferred leg in soccer players. Motor Control 2009; 13: 21831.
  • 27
    Akbari M, Karimi H, Farahini H, Faghihzadeh S. Balance problems after unilateral lateral ankle sprains. J Rehabil Res Dev 2006; 43: 81924.
  • 28
    Ghoseiri K, Forogh B, Sanjari MA, Bavi A. Effects of vibratory orthosis on balance in idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2009; 4: 5863.
  • 29
    Grin L, Frank J, Allum JH. The effect of voluntary arm abduction on balance recovery following multidirectional stance perturbations. Exp Brain Res 2007; 178: 6278.
  • 30
    Portney LG, Watkins MP. Foundations of clinical research: applications to practice. New Jersey: Upper Saddle River; 2000.
  • 31
    Van Koulil S, Effting M, Kraaimaat FW, van Lankveld W, van Helmond T, Cats H, et al. Cognitive-behavioural therapies and exercise programmes for patients with fibromyalgia: state of the art and future directions. Ann Rheum Dis 2007; 66: 57181.
  • 32
    Gusi N, Tomas-Carus P. Cost-utility of an 8-month aquatic training for women with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial. Arthritis Res Ther 2008; 10: R24.
  • 33
    Redondo JR, Justo CM, Moraleda FV, Velayos YG, Puche JJ, Zubero JR, et al. Long-term efficacy of therapy in patients with fibromyalgia: a physical exercise-based program and a cognitive-behavioral approach. Arthritis Rheum 2004; 51: 18492.
  • 34
    Runge M, Rehfeld G, Resnicek E. Balance training and exercise in geriatric patients. J Musculselet Neuronal Interact 2000; 1: 615.
  • 35
    Bautmans I, Van Hees E, Lemper JC, Mets T. The feasibility of whole body vibration in institutionalised elderly persons and its influence on muscle performance, balance and mobility: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Geriatr 2005; 5: 17.
  • 36
    Ebersbach G, Edler D, Kaufhold O, Wissel J. Whole body vibration versus conventional physiotherapy to improve balance and gait in Parkinson's disease. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2008; 89: 399403.
  • 37
    Turbanski S, Haas CT, Schmidtbleicher D, Friedrich A, Duisberg P. Effects of random whole-body vibration on postural control in Parkinson's disease. Res Sports Med 2005; 13: 24356.
  • 38
    Schuhfried O, Mittermaier C, Jovanovic T, Pieber K, Paternostro-Sluga T. Effects of whole-body vibration in patients with multiple sclerosis: a pilot study. Clin Rehabil 2005; 19: 83442.
  • 39
    Williams HG, McClenaghan BA, Dickerson J. Spectral characteristics of postural control in elderly individuals. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1997; 78: 73744.
  • 40
    Runge M, Rehfeld G, Resnicek ER. Balance training and exercise in geriatric patients. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact 2000; 1: 548.
  • 41
    Mille ML, Johnson ME, Martinez KM, Rogers MW. Age-dependent differences in lateral balance recovery through protective stepping. Clin Biochem (Bristol, Avon) 2005; 20: 60716.