• 1
    Lawrence RC, Helmick CG, Arnett FC, Deyo RA, Felson DT, Giannini EH, et al. Estimates of the prevalence of arthritis and selected musculoskeletal disorders in the United States. Arthritis Rheum 1998; 41: 77899.
  • 2
    American College of Rheumatology Subcommittee on Rheumatoid Arthritis Guidelines. Guidelines for the management of rheumatoid arthritis: 2002 update. Arthritis Rheum 2002; 46: 32846.
  • 3
    Kennedy T, McCabe C, Struthers G, Sinclair H, Chakravaty K, Bax D, et al, for the British Society for Rheumatology Standards, Guidelines and Audit Working Group (SGAWG). BSR guidelines on standards of care for persons with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2005; 44: 5536.
  • 4
    Dixon KE, Keefe FJ, Scipio CD, Perri LC, Abernethy AP. Psychological interventions for arthritis pain management in adults: a meta-analysis. Health Psychol 2007; 26: 24150.
  • 5
    Lorig K, Konkol L, Gonzalez V. Arthritis patient education: a review of the literature. Patient Educ Couns 1987; 10: 20752.
  • 6
    Lorig KR, Mazonson PD, Holma HR. Evidence suggesting that health education for self-management in patients with chronic arthritis has sustained health benefits while reducing health care costs. Arthritis Rheum 1993; 36: 43946.
  • 7
    Taal E, Riemsma RP, Brus HL, Seydel ER, Rasker J, Wiegman O. Group education for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Patient Educ Couns 1993; 20: 17787.
  • 8
    Barlow JH, Turner AP, Wright CC. A randomized controlled study of the arthritis self-management programme in the UK. Health Educ Res 200; 15: 66580.
  • 9
    Lorig K, Gonzalez VM, Ritter P. Community-based Spanish language arthritis education program: a randomized trial. Med Care 1999; 37: 95763.
  • 10
    Maes S, Karoly P. Self-regulation assessment and intervention in physical health and illness: a review. Int Rev Appl Psychol 2005; 54: 26799.
  • 11
    Carver CS, Scheier MF. On the structure of behavioral self-regulation. In: BoekaertsM, PintrichPR, ZeidnerM, editors. Handbook of self regulation. 1st ed. London: Academic Press; 2000. p. 4280.
  • 12
    Bandura A. Social foundations of thought and action: a social cognitive theory. 1st ed. Englewood Cliffs (NJ): Prentice-Hall; 1986.
  • 13
    Sniehotta FF, Scholz U, Schwarzer R. Bridging the intention-behaviour gap: planning, self-efficacy, and action control in the adoption and maintenance of physical exercise. Psychol Health 2005; 20: 14360.
  • 14
    Clark NM, Gong ZM, Wang SJ, Lin X, Bria WF, Johnson TR. A randomized trial of a self-regulation intervention for women with asthma. Chest 2007; 132: 8897.
  • 15
    Christensen AJ, Wiebe JS, Moran PJ, Ehlers SL, Lawton WJ. Effect of a behavioral self-regulation intervention on patient adherence in hemodialysis. Health Psychol 2002; 21: 3937.
  • 16
    Michie S, Hardeman W, Fanshawe T, Prevost AT, Taylor L, Kinmonth AL. Investigating theoretical explanations for behaviour change: the case study of ProActive. Psychol Health 2008; 23: 2539.
  • 17
    Riemsma RP, Kirwan JR, Taal E, Rasker JJ. Patient education for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2002; 3:CD003688.
  • 18
    Astin JA, Beckner W, Soeken K, Hochberg MC, Berman B. Psychological interventions for rheumatoid arthritis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arthritis Rheum 2002; 47: 291302.
  • 19
    Van den Ende CH, Vliet Vlieland TP, Munneke M, Hazes JM. Dynamic exercise therapy in rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review. Rheumatology (Oxford) 1998; 37: 67787.
  • 20
    Hakkinen A, Hannonen P, Nyman K, Lyyski T, Hakkinen K. Effects of concurrent strength and endurance training in women with early or longstanding rheumatoid arthritis: comparison with healthy subjects. Arthritis Rheum 2003; 49: 78997.
  • 21
    Stenstrom CH. Home exercise in rheumatoid arthritis functional class II: goal setting versus pain attention. J Rheumatol 1994; 21: 62734.
  • 22
    Feinberg J. The effect of patient-practitioner interaction on compliance: a review of the literature in rheumatoid arthritis. Patient Educ Couns 1988; 11: 17187.
  • 23
    Brus H, van de Laar M, Taal E, Rasker J, Wiegman O. Compliance in rheumatoid arthritis and the role of formal patient education. Semin Arthritis Rheum 1997; 26: 70210.
  • 24
    Bradley LA. Adherence with treatment regimens among adult rheumatoid arthritis patients: current status and future directions [review]. Arthritis Care Res 1989; 2: S339.
  • 25
    Chakravarthy MV, Joyner MJ, Booth FW. An obligation for primary care physicians to prescribe physical activity to sedentary patients to reduce the risk of chronic health conditions. Mayo Clin Proc 2002; 77: 16573.
  • 26
    O'Grady M, Fletcher J, Ortiz S. Therapeutic and physical fitness exercise prescription for older adults with joint disease: an evidence based approach. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 2000; 26: 61746.
  • 27
    Appelbaum KA, Blanchard EB, Hickling EJ, Alfonso M. Cognitive behavioral treatment of a veteran population with moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis. Behav Ther 1988; 19: 489502.
  • 28
    Bradley LA, Young LD, Anderson KO, McDaniel LK, Turner RA, Agudelo CA. Psychological approaches to the management of arthritis pain. Soc Sci Med 1984; 19: 135360.
  • 29
    Brus HL, van de Laar MA, Taal E, Rasker J, Wiegman O. Effects of patient education on compliance with basic treatment regimens and health in recent onset active rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis 1998; 57: 14651.
  • 30
    Evers AW, Kraaimaat FW, van Riel PL, de Jong AJ. Tailored cognitive-behavioral therapy in early rheumatoid arthritis for patients at risk: a randomized controlled trial. Pain 2002; 100: 14153.
  • 31
    Hammond A, Lincoln N, Sutcliffe L. A crossover trial evaluating an educational-behavioural joint protection programme for people with rheumatoid arthritis. Patient Educ Couns 1999; 37: 1932.
  • 32
    Hammond A, Freeman K. One-year outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of an educational-behavioural joint protection programme for people with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 2001; 40: 104451.
  • 33
    Helewa A, Goldsmith CH, Lee P, Bombardier C, Hanes B, Smythe HA, et al. Effects of occupational therapy home service on patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Lancet 1991; 337: 14536.
  • 34
    Helliwell PS, O'Hara M, Holdsworth J, Hesselden A, King T, Evans P. A 12-month randomized controlled trial of patient education on radiographic changes and quality of life in early rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford) 1999; 38: 3038.
  • 35
    Hill J, Bird H, Johnson S. Effect of patient education on adherence to drug treatment for rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Rheum Dis 2001; 60: 86975.
  • 36
    Huiskes CJ, Kraaimaat FW, Brons MR, Bijlsma JW. The effect of behavior therapy and occupational therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Gedragstherapie 1991; 24: 25368.
  • 37
    Kaplan S, Kozin F. A controlled study of group counseling in rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol 1981; 8: 919.
  • 38
    Kraaimaat FW, Brons MR, Geenen R, Bijlsma JW. The effect of cognitive behavior therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Behav Res Ther 1995; 33: 48795.
  • 39
    Leibing E, Pfingsten M, Bartmann U, Rueger U, Schuessler G. Cognitive-behavioral treatment in unselected rheumatoid arthritis outpatients. Clin J Pain 1999; 15: 5866.
  • 40
    Lindroth Y, Brattstrom M, Bellman I, Ekestaf G, Olofsson Y, Strombeck B, et al. A problem-based education program for patients with rheumatoid arthritis: evaluation after three and twelve months. Arthritis Care Res 1997; 10: 32532.
  • 41
    Lundgren S, Stenstrom CH. Muscle relaxation training and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis. Scand J Rheumatol 1999; 28: 4753.
  • 42
    Neuberger GB, Smith KV, Black SO, Hassanein R. Promoting self-care in clients with arthritis. Arthritis Care Res 1993; 6: 1418.
  • 43
    O'Leary A, Shoor S, Lorig K, Holman HR. A cognitive-behavioral treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. Health Psychol 1988; 7: 52744.
  • 44
    Parker JC, Frank RG, Beck NC, Smarr KL, Bueschler KL, Phillips LR, et al. Pain management in rheumatoid arthritis patients: a cognitive behavioral approach. Arthritis Rheum 1988; 31: 593601.
  • 45
    Parker JC, Smarr KL, Buckelew SP, Stucky-Ropp RC, Hewett JE, Johnson JC, et al. Effects of stress management on clinical outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1995; 38: 180718.
  • 46
    Pradhan EK, Baumgarten M, Langenberg P, Handwerger B, Gilpin AK, Magyari T, et al. Effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Arthritis Rheum 2007; 57: 113442.
  • 47
    Radojevic V, Nicassio PM, Weisman MH. Behavioral intervention with and without family support for rheumatoid arthritis. Behav Ther 1992; 23: 1330.
  • 48
    Riemsma RP, Taal E, Rasker JJ. Group education for patients with rheumatoid arthritis and their partners. Arthritis Rheum 2003; 49: 55666.
  • 49
    Scholten C, Brodowicz T, Graninger W, Gardavsky I, Pils K, Pesau B, et al. Persistent functional and social benefits 5 years after a multidisciplinary arthritis training program. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999; 80: 12827.
  • 50
    Sharpe L, Sensky T, Timberlake N, Ryan B, Brewin CR, Allard S. A blind randomized controlled trial of cognitive-behavioural intervention for patients with recent onset rheumatoid arthritis: preventing psychological and physical morbidity. Pain 2001; 89: 27583.
  • 51
    Shearn MA, Fireman BH. Stress management and mutual support groups in rheumatoid arthritis. Am J Med 1985; 78: 7715.
  • 52
    Moher D, Cook DJ, Jadad AR, Tugwell P, Moher M, Jones A, et al. Assessing the quality of reports of randomised trials: implications for the conduct of meta-analyses. Health Technol Assess 1999; 3: 198.
  • 53
    Lackner JM, Morley S, Dowzer C, Mesmer C, Hamilton S. Psychological treatments for irritable bowel syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Consult Clin Psychol 2004; 72: 110013.
  • 54
    BioStat. Comprehensive meta-analysis: version 2. Engelwood (NJ): BioStat; 2005.
  • 55
    DerSimonian R, Laird N. Meta-analysis in clinical trials. Control Clin Trials 1986; 7: 1788.
  • 56
    Hedges LV. Distribution theory for Glass's estimator of effect size and other related estimators. J Educ Stat 1981; 6: 10728.
  • 57
    Higgins JP, Thompson SG, Deeks JJ, Altman DG. Measuring inconsistency in meta-analyses. BMJ 2003; 327: 55760.
  • 58
    Statistical package for the social sciences: version 16.0.2. Chicago: SPSS; 2008.
  • 59
    Cohen J. A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales. Educ Psychol Meas 1960; 20: 3746.
  • 60
    Landis JR, Koch GG. The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics 1977; 33: 15974.
  • 61
    Rosenthal R. Meta-analytic procedures for social research. London: Sage; 1991.
  • 62
    De Jong Z, Munneke M, Zwinderman AH, Kroon HM, Jansen A, Ronday KH, et al. Is a long-term high-intensity exercise program effective and safe in patients with rheumatoid arthritis? Results of a randomized controlled trial. Arthritis Rheum 2003; 48: 241524.
  • 63
    Westby MD. A health professional's guide to exercise prescription for people with arthritis: a review of aerobic fitness activities. Arthritis Rheum 2001; 45: 50111.
  • 64
    Abraham C, Michie S. A taxonomy of behavior change techniques used in interventions. Health Psychol 2008; 27: 37987.
  • 65
    Endler NS, Kocovski NL. Self-regulation and distress in clinical psychology. In: BoekaertsM, PintrichPR, ZeidnerM, editors. Handbook of self regulation. 1st ed. London: Academic Press; 2000. p. 56999.
  • 66
    Smarr KL, Parker JC, Wright GE, Stucky-Ropp RC, Buckelew SP, Hoffman RW, et al. The importance of enhancing self-efficacy in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care Res 1997; 10: 1826.
  • 67
    Fortune G, Barrowclough C, Lobban F. Illness representations in depression. Br J Clin Psychol 2004; 43: 34764.
  • 68
    Allan JL, Johnston DW, Johnston M, Mant D. Depression and perceived behavioral control are independent predictors of future activity and fitness after coronary syndrome events. J Psychosom Res 2007; 63: 5018.
  • 69
    Paschalides C, Wearden AJ, Dunkerley R, Bundy C, Davies R, Dickens CM. The associations of anxiety, depression and personal illness representations with glycaemic control and health-related quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Psychosom Res 2004; 57: 55764.
  • 70
    Dickens C, McGowan L, Clark-Carter D, Creed F. Depression in rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review of the literature with meta-analysis. Psychosom Med 2002; 64: 5260.
  • 71
    Ziegelstein RC, Fauerbach JA, Stevens SS, Romanelli J, Richter DP, Bush DE. Patients with depression are less likely to follow recommendations to reduce cardiac risk during recovery from a myocardial infarction. Arch Intern Med 2000; 160: 181823.
  • 72
    Minor MA, Brown JD. Exercise maintenance of persons with arthritis after participation in a class experience. Health Educ Q 1993; 20: 8395.
  • 73
    Katz PP, Yelin EH. Activity loss and the onset of depressive symptoms: do some activities matter more than others? Arthritis Rheum 2001; 44: 1194202.
  • 74
    Slootmaker SM, Schuit AJ, Chinapaw MJ, Seidell JC, van Mechelen W. Disagreement in physical activity assessed by accelerometer and self-report in subgroups of age, gender, education and weight status. Int J Behav Nutr Phy 2009; 6: 17.
  • 75
    Pinals RS, Masi AT, Larsen RA, and the Subcommittee for Criteria of Remission in Rheumatoid Arthritis of the American Rheumatism Association Diagnostic and Therapeutic Criteria Committee. Preliminary criteria for clinical remission in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1981; 24: 130815.
  • 76
    Ropes MW, Bennett GA, Cobb S. Jacox R, Jessar RA. 1958 revision of diagnostic criteria for rheumatoid arthritis. Bull Rheum Dis 1958; 9: 1756.
  • 77
    Arnett FC, Edworthy SM, Bloch DA, McShane DJ, Fries JF, Cooper NS, et al. The American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1988; 31: 31524.
  • 78
    Hochberg MC, Chang RW, Dwosh I, Lindsey S, Pincus T, Wolfe F. The American College of Rheumatology 1991 revised criteria for the classification of global functional status in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1992; 35: 498502.