SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Geusens P, Dinant G. Integrating a gender dimension into osteoporosis and fracture risk research. Gend Med 2007; 4 Suppl: S14761.
  • 2
    Jackson SA, Tenenhouse A, Robertson L. Vertebral fracture definition from population-based data: preliminary results from the Canadian Multicenter Osteoporosis Study (CaMos). Osteoporos Int 2000; 11: 6807.
  • 3
    Jiang HX, Majumdar SR, Dick DA, Moreau M, Raso J, Otto DD, et al. Development and initial validation of a risk score for predicting in-hospital and 1-year mortality in patients with hip fractures. J Bone Miner Res 2005; 20: 494500.
  • 4
    Geusens P, Sambrook P, Lems W. Fracture prevention in men. Nat Rev Rheumatol 2009; 5: 497504.
  • 5
    Seeman E, Bianchi G, Khosla S, Kanis JA, Orwoll E. Bone fragility in men: where are we? Osteoporos Int 2006; 17: 157783.
  • 6
    Evans SF, Davie MW. Low body size and elevated sex-hormone binding globulin distinguish men with idiopathic vertebral fracture. Calcif Tissue Int 2002; 70: 915.
  • 7
    Macdonald JH, Evans SF, Davie MW, Sharp CA. Muscle mass deficits are associated with bone mineral density in men with idiopathic vertebral fracture. Osteoporos Int 2007; 18: 13718.
  • 8
    Shin H, Panton LB, Dutton GR, Ilich JZ. Relationship of physical performance with body composition and bone mineral density in individuals over 60 years of age: a systematic review. J Aging Res 2011; 2011: 191896.
  • 9
    Kotler DP. Cachexia. Ann Intern Med 2000; 133: 62234.
  • 10
    Janssen I, Heymsfield SB, Ross R. Low relative skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia) in older persons is associated with functional impairment and physical disability. J Am Geriatr Soc 2002; 50: 88996.
  • 11
    Roubenoff R. Sarcopenia: effects on body composition and function. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2003; 58: 10127.
  • 12
    Chan BK, Marshall LM, Winters KM, Faulkner KA, Schwartz AV, Orwoll ES. Incident fall risk and physical activity and physical performance among older men: the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men study. Am J Epidemiol 2007; 165: 696703.
  • 13
    Szulc P, Beck TJ, Marchand F, Delmas PD. Low skeletal muscle mass is associated with poor structural parameters of bone and impaired balance in elderly men: the MINOS study. J Bone Miner Res 2005; 20: 7219.
  • 14
    Crepaldi G, Maggi S. Sarcopenia and osteoporosis: a hazardous duet. J Endocrinol Invest 2005; 28: 668.
  • 15
    Frost HM. Why do marathon runners have less bone than weight lifters? A vital-biomechanical view and explanation. Bone 1997; 20: 1839.
  • 16
    Lemmey AB, Glassford J, Flick-Smith HC, Holly JM, Pell JM. Differential regulation of tissue insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP)-3, IGF-I and IGF type 1 receptor mRNA levels, and serum IGF-I and IGFBP concentrations by growth hormone and IGF-I. J Endocrinol 1997; 154: 31928.
  • 17
    Sharp CA, Brown SJ, Davie MW, Magnusson P, Mohan S. Increased matrix concentrations of IGFBP-5 in cancellous bone in osteoarthritis. Ann Rheum Dis 2004; 63: 11625.
  • 18
    Pluijm SM, Visser M, Smit JH, Popp-Snijders C, Roos JC, Lips P. Determinants of bone mineral density in older men and women: body composition as mediator. J Bone Miner Res 2001; 16: 214251.
  • 19
    Black DM, Palermo L, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Epstein R, San Valentin R, et al. Comparison of methods for defining prevalent vertebral deformities: the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. J Bone Miner Res 1995; 10: 890902.
  • 20
    Haddaway MJ, Davie MW, McCall IW. Bone mineral density in healthy normal women and reproducibility of measurements in spine and hip using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Br J Radiol 1992; 65: 2137.
  • 21
    Kim J, Wang Z, Heymsfield SB, Baumgartner RN, Gallagher D. Total-body skeletal muscle mass: estimation by a new dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry method. Am J Clin Nutr 2002; 76: 37883.
  • 22
    Gallagher D, Ruts E, Visser M, Heshka S, Baumgartner RN, Wang J, et al. Weight stability masks sarcopenia in elderly men and women. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2000; 279: E36675.
  • 23
    Rikli R, Jones C. Senior fitness test manual. Champaign (IL): Human Kinetics; 2001.
  • 24
    Macdonald JH, Marcora SM, Jibani MM, Kumwenda MJ, Ahmed W, Lemmey AB. Nandrolone decanoate as anabolic therapy in chronic kidney disease: a randomized phase II dose-finding study. Nephron Clin Pract 2007; 106: c12535.
  • 25
    Ware JE Jr, Sherbourne CD. The MOS 36-item Short-Form health survey (SF-36). I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Med Care 1992; 30: 47383.
  • 26
    Ware JE Jr, Snow KK, Kosinski M, Gandek B. SF-36 health survey: manual and interpretation guide. 2nd ed. Lincoln (RI): Quality Metric; 2000.
  • 27
    Ware JE, Kosinski M, Bjorner JB, Turner-Bowker DM, Gandek B, Maruish ME. User's manual for the SF-36v2 health survey. 2nd ed. Lincoln (RI): QualityMetric; 2007.
  • 28
    Cohen J. Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. 2nd ed. Hillsdale (NJ): Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; 1988.
  • 29
    Hopkins WG. A new view of statistics. Sportscience 2006; 10: 6370.
  • 30
    Zafon C. Oscillations in total body fat content through life: an evolutionary perspective. Obes Rev 2007; 8: 52530.
  • 31
    Kyle UG, Genton L, Hans D, Karsegard VL, Michel JP, Slosman DO, et al. Total body mass, fat mass, fat-free mass, and skeletal muscle in older people: cross-sectional differences in 60-year-old persons. J Am Geriatr Soc 2001; 49: 163340.
  • 32
    Forbes G. Human body composition. New York: Springer-Verlag; 1987.
  • 33
    Forbes GB. Longitudinal changes in adult fat-free mass: influence of body weight. Am J Clin Nutr 1999; 70: 102531.
  • 34
    Gallagher D, Visser M, De Meersman RE, Sepulveda D, Baumgartner RN, Pierson RN, et al. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass: effects of age, gender, and ethnicity. J Appl Physiol 1997; 83: 22939.
  • 35
    Fantin F, Di Francesco V, Fontana G, Zivelonghi A, Bissoli L, Zoico E, et al. Longitudinal body composition changes in old men and women: interrelationships with worsening disability. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2007; 62: 137581.
  • 36
    Francis RM, Aspray TJ, Hide G, Sutcliffe AM, Wilkinson P. Back pain in osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Osteoporos Int 2008; 19: 895903.
  • 37
    Lang T, Koyama A, Li C, Li J, Lu Y, Saeed I, et al. Pelvic body composition measurements by quantitative computed tomography: association with recent hip fracture. Bone 2008; 42: 798805.
  • 38
    Bakker I, Twisk JW, Van Mechelen W, Kemper HC. Fat-free body mass is the most important body composition determinant of 10-yr longitudinal development of lumbar bone in adult men and women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003; 88: 260713.
  • 39
    Schwarz P. Physical activity and bone strength [editorial]. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2004; 14: 1.
  • 40
    Hughes VA, Frontera WR, Wood M, Evans WJ, Dallal GE, Roubenoff R, et al. Longitudinal muscle strength changes in older adults: influence of muscle mass, physical activity, and health. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2001; 56: B20917.
  • 41
    Thom JM, Morse CI, Birch KM, Narici MV. Influence of muscle architecture on the torque and power-velocity characteristics of young and elderly men. Eur J Appl Physiol 2007; 100: 6139.
  • 42
    Jarvinen TL, Kannus P, Sievanen H. Bone quality: emperor's new clothes. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact 2008; 8: 29.