SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Tsokos GC. Systemic lupus erythematosus. N Engl J Med 2011; 365: 211021.
  • 2
    Jimenez S, Cervera R, Ingelmo M, Font J. The epidemiology of cutaneous lupus erythematosus. In: Kuhn A, Lehmann P, Ruzicka T, editors. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Berlin: Springer-Verlag; 2004. p. 4552.
  • 3
    Gilliam JN, Prystowsky SD. Conversion of discoid lupus erythematosus to mixed connective tissue disease. J Rheumatol 1977; 4: 1659.
  • 4
    Kuhn A, Ruland V, Bonsmann G. Photosensitivity, phototesting, and photoprotection in cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Lupus 2010; 19: 103646.
  • 5
    Schmidt E, Tony HP, Brocker EB, Kneitz C. Sun-induced life-threatening lupus nephritis. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2007; 1108: 3540.
  • 6
    Cazenave P. Lupus erythematoux (erytheme centrifuge). Ann Mal Peau Syph 1851; 3: 2979.
  • 7
    Freund H. Inwiefern ist der lupus erythematodes von allgemeinen Faktoren abhängig? Dermatol Wochenschr 1929; 89: 193946.
  • 8
    Fuhs E. Lupus erythematodes subacutus mit ausgesprochener Überempfindlichkeit gegen Quarzlicht. Z Hautkr 1922; 30: 3089.
  • 9
    Hutchinson J. Harveian lectures on lupus, lecture III: on the various form of lupus vulgaris and erythematosus. Br Med J 1888; 1: 1138.
  • 10
    Pusey W. Attacks of lupus erythematosus following exposure to sunlight or weather factors. Arch Dermatol Syph 1915; 33: 388.
  • 11
    Hochberg MC, for the Diagnostic and Therapeutic Criteria Committee of the American College of Rheumatology. Updating the American College of Rheumatology revised criteria for the classification of systemic lupus erythematosus [letter]. Arthritis Rheum 1997; 40: 1725.
  • 12
    Tan EM, Cohen AS, Fries JF, Masi AT, McShane DJ, Rothfield NF, et al. The 1982 revised criteria for the classification of systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum 1982; 25: 12717.
  • 13
    Albrecht J, Berlin JA, Braverman IM, Callen JP, Connolly MK, Costner MI, et al. Dermatology position paper on the revision of the 1982 ACR criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus 2004; 13: 83949.
  • 14
    Epstein J, Tuffanelli D, Dubois E. Light sensitivity and lupus erythematosus. Arch Dermatol 1965; 91: 4835.
  • 15
    Cripps DJ, Rankin J. Action spectra of lupus erythematosus and experimental immunofluorescence. Arch Dermatol 1973; 107: 5637.
  • 16
    Freeman R, Knox J, Owens D. Cutaneous lesions of lupus erythematosus induced by monochromatic light. Arch Dermatol 1969; 100: 67782.
  • 17
    Lehmann P, Holzle E, von Kries R, Plewig G. Lichtdiagnostische Verfahren bei Patienten mit Verdacht auf Photodermatosen. Zentralblatt Haut- und Geschlechtskrankheiten 1986; 152: 66782.
  • 18
    Lehmann P, Holzle E, Kind P, Goerz G, Plewig G. Experimental reproduction of skin lesions in lupus erythematosus by UVA and UVB radiation. J Am Acad Dermatol 1990; 22: 1817.
  • 19
    Kuhn A, Sonntag M, Richter-Hintz D, Oslislo C, Megahed M, Ruzicka T, et al. Phototesting in lupus erythematosus: a 15-year experience. J Am Acad Dermatol 2001; 45: 8695.
  • 20
    Kuhn A, Herrmann M, Kleber S, Beckmann-Welle M, Fehsel K, Martin-Villalba A, et al. Accumulation of apoptotic cells in the epidermis of patients with cutaneous lupus erythematosus after ultraviolet irradiation. Arthritis Rheum 2006; 54: 93950.
  • 21
    Kuhn A, Wozniacka A, Szepietowski JC, Glaser R, Lehmann P, Haust M, et al. Photoprovocation in cutaneous lupus erythematosus: a multicenter study evaluating a standardized protocol. J Invest Dermatol 2011; 131: 162230.
  • 22
    Kuhn A, Gensch K, Haust M, Meuth AM, Boyer F, Dupuy P, et al. Photoprotective effects of a broad-spectrum sunscreen in ultraviolet-induced cutaneous lupus erythematosus: a randomized, vehicle-controlled, double-blind study. J Am Acad Dermatol 2011; 64: 3748.
  • 23
    Kuhn A, Ruzicka T. Classification of cutaneous lupus erythematosus. In: Kuhn A, Lehmann P, Ruzicka T, editors. Cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Berlin: Springer-Verlag; 2004. p. 538.
  • 24
    Holzle E, Plewig G, Lehmann P. Photodermatoses: diagnostic procedures and their interpretation. Photodermatol 1987; 4: 10914.
  • 25
    Furukawa F, Muto M. Ethnic differences in immunogenetic features and photosensitivity of cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Arch Dermatol Res 2009; 301: 1115.
  • 26
    Vera-Recabarren MA, Garcia-Carrasco M, Ramos-Casals M, Herrero C. Comparative analysis of subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus and chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus: clinical and immunological study of 270 patients. Br J Dermatol 2010; 162: 91101.
  • 27
    Foering K, Goreshi R, Klein R, Okawa J, Rose M, Cucchiara A, et al. Prevalence of self-report photosensitivity in cutaneous lupus erythematosus. J Am Acad Dermatol 2012; 66: 2208.
  • 28
    Hasan T, Nyberg F, Stephansson E, Puska P, Hakkinen M, Sarna S, et al. Photosensitivity in lupus erythematosus, UV photoprovocation results compared with history of photosensitivity and clinical findings. Br J Dermatol 1997; 136: 699705.
  • 29
    Nyberg F, Hasan T, Puska P, Stephansson E, Hakkinen M, Ranki A, et al. Occurrence of polymorphous light eruption in lupus erythematosus. Br J Dermatol 1997; 136: 21721.
  • 30
    Nived O, Johansen PB, Sturfelt G. Standardized ultraviolet: A exposure provokes skin reaction in systemic lupus erythematosus. Lupus 1993; 2: 24750.
  • 31
    Wolska H, Blaszczyk M, Jablonska S. Phototests in patients with various forms of lupus erythematosus. Int J Dermatol 1989; 28: 98103.
  • 32
    Van Weelden H, Velthuis PJ, Baart de la Faille H. Light-induced skin lesions in lupus erythematosus: photobiological studies. Arch Dermatol Res 1989; 281: 4704.
  • 33
    Sanders CJ, Van Weelden H, Kazzaz GA, Sigurdsson V, Toonstra J, Bruijnzeel-Koomen CA. Photosensitivity in patients with lupus erythematosus: a clinical and photobiological study of 100 patients using a prolonged phototest protocol. Br J Dermatol 2003; 149: 1317.
  • 34
    Mond CB, Peterson MG, Rothfield NF. Correlation of anti-Ro antibody with photosensitivity rash in systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Arthritis Rheum 1989; 32: 2024.
  • 35
    Tang X, Huang Y, Deng W, Tang L, Weng W, Zhang X. Clinical and serologic correlations and autoantibody clusters in systemic lupus erythematosus: a retrospective review of 917 patients in South China. Medicine (Baltimore) 2010; 89: 627.
  • 36
    Herzinger T, Plewig G, Rocken M. Use of sunscreens to protect against ultraviolet-induced lupus erythematosus [letter]. Arthritis Rheum 2004; 50: 30456.
  • 37
    Stege H, Budde MA, Grether-Beck S, Richard A, Rougier A, Krutmann J. Evaluation of the capacity of sunscreens to photoprotect lupus erythematosus patients by employing the photoprovocation test. Eur J Dermatol 2002; 12: VIIIX.
  • 38
    Stege H, Budde MA, Grether-Beck S, Krutmann J. Evaluation of the capacity of sunscreens to photoprotect lupus erythematosus patients by employing the photoprovocation test. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2000; 16: 2569.