Levels of Serum Anti–Müllerian Hormone, a Marker for Ovarian Reserve, in Women With Rheumatoid Arthritis
Article first published online: 26 AUG 2013
Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis Care & Research
Volume 65, Issue 9, pages 1534–1538, September 2013
How to Cite
Brouwer, J., Laven, J. S. E., Hazes, J. M. W., Schipper, I. and Dolhain, R. J. E. M. (2013), Levels of Serum Anti–Müllerian Hormone, a Marker for Ovarian Reserve, in Women With Rheumatoid Arthritis. Arthritis Care Res, 65: 1534–1538. doi: 10.1002/acr.22013
- Issue published online: 26 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 26 AUG 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 1 APR 2013 12:30PM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 21 DEC 2012
Fertility is reduced in women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), even before diagnosis. This may be due to a diminished ovarian reserve. The current study examined serum levels of anti–Müllerian hormone (AMH), the most reliable endocrine marker for ovarian reserve, in early RA patients and the influence of disease activity and methotrexate (MTX) use on AMH concentrations.
Serum AMH levels were measured in 72 women with recent-onset RA ages 18–42 years and compared to 509 healthy women. The association between AMH and rheumatoid factor (RF), anti–cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP), erosions, C-reactive protein (CRP) level, disease activity (Disease Activity Score in 28 joints [DAS28]), and use of MTX was assessed.
At diagnosis, age-adjusted serum AMH levels did not differ significantly between patients and controls (P = 0.254). AMH levels were not related to the presence of RF (P = 0.487), anti-CCP (P = 0.686), or erosions (P = 0.350), and showed no significant correlation with CRP levels (r = −0.207, P = 0.083) or disease activity scores (DAS28; r = 0.007, P = 0.955). After 6 months of treatment, AMH levels in patients (n = 53) were lower than at the time of diagnosis (P < 0.001), but did not differ from controls (P = 0.741). There was no significant difference in AMH values after 6 months of treatment between patients who did (n = 31) or did not (n = 22) receive MTX (P = 0.287).
AMH levels in women with early RA are comparable to those of healthy controls, indicating that the reduced fertility in this patient group is not caused by diminished ovarian reserve. AMH levels are not affected either by disease activity or by short-term MTX use.