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Local probability distribution of natural signals in sparse domains

Authors

  • Hossein Rabbani,

    1. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Medical Image and Signal Processing Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
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  • Saeed Gazor

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, Canada
    • Correspondence to: Saeed Gazor, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, K7L 3N6, Canada.

      E-mail: s.gazor@queensu.ca

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SUMMARY

In this paper, we investigate the local PDF of natural signals in sparse domains. The statistical properties of natural signals are characterized more accurately in the sparse domains because the sparse domain coefficients have heavy-tailed distribution and have reduced correlation with adjacent coefficients. Our experiments on 3D data in 3D discrete complex wavelet transform domain show that a conditionally (given locally estimated variance and shape) independent Bessel K-form distribution (BKFD) locally fits the sparse domain's coefficients of natural signals, accurately. To justify this observation, we also investigate the PDF of the locally estimated variance and suggest a Gamma PDF for the locally estimated variance. Because commonly used sparse transformations are orthonormal, the PDF of the sparse domain coefficients must converge to Gaussian distribution by virtue of central limit theorem assuming that natural signals are locally wide sense stationary for small window sizes. Interestingly, we observe that the PDF of the normalized data (on the locally estimated variance) exhibit a Gaussian PDF, which confirms that the BKFD is an appropriate fit. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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