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Keywords:

  • Paradigmatic architectural types;
  • Carl G Jung;
  • Giorgio Agamben;
  • Jeremy Bentham's Panopticon;
  • Michel Foucault;
  • conflict between secular and religious power;
  • Great Western Schism;
  • Pope Martino V;
  • Magistri Viarium;
  • Biblia Pauperum;
  • Donato Bramante;
  • Via Giulia;
  • Place Royale;
  • Pope Julius II;
  • ‘generic’ architecture;
  • Henri IV;
  • Karl Friedrich Schinkel;
  • Neue Wache (New Guard House, 1816);
  • Altes Museum;
  • Fritz Neumeyer;
  • pavillionaire architecture;
  • Polizeiwissenschaft;
  • Bauakademie, Berlin, 1832–6;
  • Karl Ehn, Karl-Marx-Hof, Vienna, 1927–30;
  • Gemeindebauten;
  • Siedlungen (prewar housing estates);
  • Friedrich Gilly, Perspectival Study with Landscape c1800

Abstract

Pier Vittorio Aureli focuses on the category of archetype as an alternative to the idea of type. Four examples – the axial streets of Renaissance Rome, the 17th-century Parisian place, the 19th-century independent block in Berlin and the 20th-century Viennese superblock – are explored here to describe the emergence of modern urban forms that explicitly embody power relations.