• AA/ETH Pavilion, Science City Campus;
  • NURBS-geometry;
  • form-finding experiments;
  • Antoni Gaudí;
  • Frei Otto;
  • Heinz Isler;
  • anisotropy;
  • Bifurcated Bridge;
  • Emergent Technologies and Design (EmTech) programme;
  • Architectural Association (AA);
  • Chair of Structural Design research unit;
  • Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich);
  • light timber construction;
  • plywood;
  • hanging chain model;
  • Institute of Computational Design (ICD);
  • University of Stuttgart;
  • stress field;
  • ‘simply supported’ system;
  • generative logic;
  • material behavior


Conventionally, material in architecture has been treated as the ‘servant’ of form. An iterative design process, though, that continuously integrates material, form and force has the potential to unfold a new generative logic of form-finding. This offers ways of processing the flow of forces through a material object and balancing variations of form with the organisation and behaviour of material. Toni Kotnik and Michael Weinstock present a series of experimental construction projects, developed within the Emergent Technologies and Design (EmTech) programme at the Architectural Association (AA) in London, that explore the intricate relationship between material, form and force. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.