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Keywords:

  • Aluminium foams;
  • Cellular metals;
  • Powder metallurgy

Abstract

The powder compact melting technique for aluminium foam production as practised today accepts a certain mismatch between foaming agent decomposition and matrix alloy melting temperatures. This mismatch is believed to influence the pore structure in an unfavourable way. Adjustment of TiH2 decomposition as well as liquidus and solidus temperatures of matrix alloys can be used to counteract it. Effects of TiH2 thermal treatments are investigated using thermal analysis. TiH2 variants gained via annealing treatments were used to produce aluminium foam precursor materials. As matrix for these specimens, aluminium based alloys with low liquidus and solidus temperatures were selected. Alloy systems considered include established combinations of aluminium with Cu, Mg, Si and Zn as well as special quaternary mixtures of these elements. First examinations presented include thermal analysis of alloys as well as studies on expansion vs. time and temperature relationships of precursor material based on new alloys and foaming agent variants.