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Metal-Polymer Nanocomposites for Functional Applications

Authors

  • Franz Faupel,

    Corresponding author
    1. Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Institut für Materialwissenschaft – Materialverbunde Kaiserstr. 2, D-24143 Kiel, Germany
    • Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Institut für Materialwissenschaft – Materialverbunde Kaiserstr. 2, D-24143 Kiel, Germany.
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  • Vladimir Zaporojtchenko,

    1. Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Institut für Materialwissenschaft – Materialverbunde Kaiserstr. 2, D-24143 Kiel, Germany
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  • Thomas Strunskus,

    1. Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Institut für Materialwissenschaft – Materialverbunde Kaiserstr. 2, D-24143 Kiel, Germany
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  • Mady Elbahri

    1. Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Institut für Materialwissenschaft – Nanochemistry and Engineering Kaiserstr. 2, D-24143 Kiel, Germany
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  • Acknowledgements, Financial support by the German Research Foundation (DFG) under grant numbers Fa 243/10-1 and Fa 243/14-1 and within SFB 677 and SFB TR 24 as well as by Innovation Foundation Schleswig-Holstein (ISH, formerly TSH) is gratefully acknowledged.

Abstract

Nanocomposites combine favorable features of the constituents on the nanoscale to obtain new functionalities. The present paper is concerned with the preparation of polymer-based nanocomposites consisting of metal nanoparticles in a polymer matrix and the resulting functional properties. Emphasis is placed on vapor phase deposition which inter alia allows the incorporation of alloy clusters with well defined composition and tailored filling factor profiles. Examples discussed here include optical composites with tuned particle surface plasmon resonances for plasmonic applications, magnetic high frequency materials with cut-off frequencies well above 1 GHz, sensors that are based on the dramatic change in the electronic properties near the percolation threshold, and antibacterial coatings which benefit from the large effective surface of nanoparticles and the increased chemical potential which both strongly enhance ion release.

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