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Effect of Rotation Speed to Welding Speed Ratio on Microstructure and Mechanical Behavior of Friction Stir Welded Aluminum–Lithium Alloy Joints

Authors

  • Wenya Li,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, P. R. China
    • State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an710072Shaanxi, P. R. China

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  • Ruorong Jiang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, P. R. China
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  • Zhihan Zhang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, P. R. China
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  • Yu'E Ma

    1. School of Aeronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, P. R. China
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  • **The authors would like to thank for financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51005180), the Fok Ying-Tong Education Foundation for Young Teachers in the Higher Education Institutions of China (131052), the Fundamental Research Fund of NPU (JC201233), and the 111 Project (B08040). The authors would also like to acknowledged Chunlin Dong for the support of material, as well as Maosen Fu for the assistance during the TEM experiment.

Abstract

2198 Al–Li alloy welds were performed by friction stir welding (FSW) to investigate the influence of the ratio of rotation speed to welding speed (ω/ν) on joint microstructure, microhardness, and tensile properties. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to reveal the precipitate type across the weld cross-section. Results show that ω/ν has a little impact on both macroscopic morphology and microstructure of joints. Dissolution of precipitates has occurred in the weld nugget (WN). The density of T1 phase and its size in the WN decrease remarkably. Changes to the T1 phase are linked to a significant reduction in microhardness across the weld. With increasing ω/ν the microhardness of the joints decreases. The value of ω/ν also has impact on the fracture mode of the joints as well as the elongation.

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