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Thermophysical Properties and Sintering of Ytterbia-Stabilized Tetragonal Zirconia Ceramic


  • The authors gratefully acknowledge Ms. Shan Liu and Dr. Wen Ma for the thermal diffusion and thermal expansion measurements. This work was financially supported by the Science and Technology Department of Sichuan Province of China (no. 2011JY0137).



Metastable tetragonal (t′) ZrO2 stabilized with 4 mol% Yb2O3 sinters more slowly and has a higher resistance to destabilization than YSZ with the same composition (4 mol% Y2O3). The improved phase stability is attributed to the slower diffusion of the smaller Yb3+ ion in t′ phase compared to the larger Y3+ ion. In addition, the TEC of 4 mol% Yb2O3-stabilized ZrO2 is also found to be superior to that of YSZ, suggesting practical possibility for thermal barrier coatings.