Peter W. de Oliveira, Carsten Becker-Willinger and Mohammad H. Jilavi
In this paper, the application of nanocomposites and nanostructured materials for the fabrication of optical elements is reviewed. It is focused on the productions of nanocomposites and nanostructured materials which are based on wet chemical sol–gel process. After describing the background of topics, the production of these materials which are developed and improved at INM are reported, summarized, and discussed. The selected topics for reviewing include polymer matrix nanocompoites, GRIN composite materials for diffractive optics, refractive optical elements with intrinsic scratch resistance, interference coatings, GRIN optical components, and micro-optic embossing.