• Conjugated polymers;
  • Light-emitting diodes, organic;
  • Polyfluorenes


The spectral characteristics of polyfluorene (PF)-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) containing a defined low concentration of either keto-defects or of the polymer poly(9,9-octylfluorene-co-benzothiadiazole) (F8BT) are presented. Both types of blend layers were tested in different device configurations with respect to the relative and absolute intensities of green and blue emission components. It is shown that blending hole-transporting molecules into the emission layer at low concentration or incorporation of a suitable hole-transporting layer reduces the green emission contribution in the electroluminescence (EL) spectrum of the PF:F8BT blend, which is similar to what is observed for the keto-containing PF layer. We conclude that the keto-defects in PF homopolymer layers mainly constitute weakly emissive electron traps, in agreement with the results of quantum-mechanical calculations.