Electron Transport in a Methanofullerene



The current–voltage characteristics of methanofullerene [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM)-based devices are investigated as a function of temperature. The occurrence of space–charge limited current enables a direct determination of the electron mobility. At room temperature, an electron mobility of μe = 2 × 10–7 m2 V–1 s–1 has been obtained. This electron mobility is more than three orders of magnitude larger than the hole mobility of donor-type conjugated polymer poly(2-methoxy-5-(3′,7′-dimethyloctyloxy)-p-phenylene vinylene) (OC1C10-PPV). As a result, the dark current in PCBM/OC1C10-PPV based devices is completely dominated by electrons. The observed field and temperature-dependence of the electron mobility of PCBM can be described with a Gaussian disorder model. This provides information about the energetic disorder and average transport-site separation in PCBM.