TiO2 Nanoparticle–Photopolymer Composites for Volume Holographic Recording

Authors

  • C. Sánchez,

    1. Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    2. Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI), P.O. Box 902, NL-5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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  • M. J. Escuti,

    1. Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    2. Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI), P.O. Box 902, NL-5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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  • C. van Heesch,

    1. Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    2. Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI), P.O. Box 902, NL-5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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  • C. W. M. Bastiaansen,

    1. Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    2. Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI), P.O. Box 902, NL-5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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  • D. J. Broer,

    1. Eindhoven Polymer Laboratories, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    2. Philips Research Laboratories, Prof. Holstlaan 4, NL-5656 AA Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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  • J. Loos,

    1. Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
    2. Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI), P.O. Box 902, NL-5600 AX Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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  • R. Nussbaumer

    1. Department of Materials, ETH Zentrum, UNO-C15, CH-8092 Zürich, Switzerland
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  • The research of Carlos Sánchez, Michael Escuti, Chris van Heesch, and Cees Bastiaansen forms part of the research program of the Dutch Polymer Institute (DPI), projects DPI#298, 304, and 426.

Abstract

A new and efficient photopolymer for the recording of volume holograms is presented. The material comprises a mixture of UV-sensitive acrylates and grafted titanium dioxide nanoparticles with an average size of 4 nm. We report the formation of holographic gratings with refractive-index modulation amplitudes of up to 15.5 × 10–3—an improvement of more than a factor of four over the base material without nanoparticles—while maintaining a low level of scattering and a high transparency in the visible-wavelength range. The influence of the composition of the acrylate system on the final properties of the holographic material is also investigated and discussed. The presence of multifunctional monomers favors the compositional segregation of the different components, while the addition of monofunctional acrylate, highly compatible with the grafting of the nanoparticles, favors the dilution of these nanoparticles.

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