White-Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Iridium Complexes via Efficient Energy Transfer from a Conjugated Polymer


  • This work was supported by a grant (No. 05 K1510-01210) from ‘Center for Nanostructured Materials Technology' under ‘21st Century Frontier R&D Programs' of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Korea. The authors also express their gratitude to the Brain Korea 21 Project of the Ministry of Education and Human Resources.


Efficient white-light-emitting diodes (WLEDs) have been developed using a polyfluorene-type blue-emitting conjugated polymer doped with green and red phosphorescent dyes. The emission spectrum of the conjugated polymer, which has a very high luminescent efficiency, shows a large spectral overlap with the absorbance of green and red iridium complexes. Also, efficient energy transfer from the conjugated polymer to the iridium complexes is observed. Poly(N-vinyl carbazole) is used to improve the miscibility between conjugated polymer and iridium complexes because of their poor chemical compatibility and phase separation. A white emission spectrum is easily obtained by varying the contents of the three materials and controlling the phase morphology. Moreover, these WLEDs show a voltage-independent electroluminescence owing to the threshold and driving voltage of the three materials being similar as a result of energy transfer.