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Keywords:

  • Nanocrystals, semiconductor;
  • Nanostructured materials;
  • Photonic crystals;
  • Quantum dots

Abstract

We report a method for producing colloidal crystals heavily loaded with PbS quantum dots (QDs). The approach employed uses capillary forces to load the QDs in the interstitial voids of the colloid crystals and yields highly ordered structures with a high loading of QDs. The infiltration process is qualitatively monitored using confocal fluorescence microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The optical properties of the resulting composite structure are examined using optical spectroscopy. The shift in the stopband resulting from the infiltration of the colloid crystal shows that the PbS QDs occupy nearly 100 % of the volume of the interstitial space.