Host Selection and Configuration Design of Electrophosphorescent Devices

Authors

  • H. Xia,

    1. Key Lab for Supramolecular Structure and Materials of the Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (P.R. China)
    2. State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics Jilin University Region, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (P.R. China)
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  • M. Li,

    1. Key Lab for Supramolecular Structure and Materials of the Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (P.R. China)
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  • D. Lu,

    1. Key Lab for Supramolecular Structure and Materials of the Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (P.R. China)
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  • C. B. Zhang,

    1. Key Lab for Supramolecular Structure and Materials of the Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (P.R. China)
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  • W. J. Xie,

    1. Key Lab for Supramolecular Structure and Materials of the Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (P.R. China)
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  • X. D. Liu,

    1. Key Lab for Supramolecular Structure and Materials of the Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (P.R. China)
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  • B. Yang,

    1. Key Lab for Supramolecular Structure and Materials of the Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (P.R. China)
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  • Y. G. Ma

    1. Key Lab for Supramolecular Structure and Materials of the Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (P.R. China)
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  • We thank both the National Science Foundation of China (grant numbers: 90501001, 20474024, 20573040, 50473001, and 60478015) and the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (grant number: 2002CB6134003).

Abstract

Recent studies on electrophosphorescent polymeric devices have demonstrated that charge-trapping-induced direct recombination on the phosphorescent dopant is of crucial importance. In this paper, we show that the electrochemical properties of phosphorescent molecules, which reflect their carrier-trapping ability, may be a basic design criterion for the selection of host and device configuration. The systems, consisting of a red phosphorescent [Ru(4,7-Ph2-phen)3]2+ dopant and two blue hosts 2-biphenyl-4-yl-5-(4-tert-butyl-phenyl)-[1,3,4]oxadiazole (PBD) and poly(vinylcarbazole) (PVK), are intensively studied. The triplet energy level of PVK and PBD is higher than that of the [Ru(4,7-Ph2-phen)3]2+, and both hosts show the ability of efficient energy transfer to the dopant, however, efficient electroluminescence (EL) is only obtained in the PVK-host system. The combined studies of photoluminescence (PL), EL, and electrochemistry for doped films demonstrate that [Ru(4,7-Ph2-phen)3]2+, which undergoes a multielectron trapping process as it is used as a dopant in electron-rich (n-type) hosts, for instance, PBD, may induce an inefficient recombination for the resulting emission. Whereas using a hole-rich (p-type) polymer, such as PVK, as a host and inserting both hole-blocking and electron-transfer layers can effectively increase the efficiency of the corresponding devices up to 8.63 Cd A–1, because of the reduced probability of multielectron trapping at the [Ru(4,7-Ph2-phen)3]2+ sites.

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