Stimuli-Responsive Colloidal Systems from Mixed Brush-Coated Nanoparticles

Authors


  • We acknowledge financial support from the NSF award CTS 0456548, CTS 0456550, and NTC award CO4-CL06. We thank Prof. K.-J. Eichhorn for assistance with FTIR.

Abstract

We report on the application of mixed polymer brushes to the reversible in situ switching colloidal systems (suspensions of responsive 200 nm in diameter particles in individual solvents and immiscible liquids). We used mixed copolymer brushes to fabricate responsive nanoparticles and employed the particles to prepare responsive colloidal systems, which demonstrated drastic transformation/switching of material properties upon external stimuli. The interaction between the particles themselves and the particles and their environment can be precisely tuned by a change of solvent and pH. We show that this behavior can be used for a reversible formation of particle aggregates, stabilization and switching between w/o and o/w emulsions, and regulation of the particle transport between immiscible liquids across the interface. We demonstrate an example of the application of the responsive colloids for the fabrication of ultrahydrophobic coatings with textured surfaces from aqueous dispersion, and no surfactant application, using the switching properties of the responsive particles.

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