• Biocompatible materials;
  • Colloids;
  • Controlled release;
  • Drug delivery;
  • Macroporous materials;
  • Poly(vinyl alcohol);
  • Polymer scaffolds;
  • Template-directed synthesis


Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) scaffolds are prepared by a cryogenic process that consists of the unidirectional freezing of a PVA solution. The scaffolds exhibit a microchanneled structure, the morphology of which (in terms of pore diameter, surface area, and thickness of matter accumulated between adjacent microchannels) can be finely tailored by the averaged molecular weight of PVA, the PVA concentration in the solution, and the freezing rate of the PVA solution. The resulting PVA scaffolds are suitable substrates for drug-delivery purposes, the drug release being controlled (from tens of minutes up to several days) by the morphology of the microchanneled structure. In vitro experiments reveal the efficiency of PVA scaffolds for controlling the release of ciprofloxacin into a bacteria culture medium.