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Keywords:

  • Blue-light emitters;
  • Conducting polymers;
  • Electroluminescence;
  • Energy transfer;
  • Fluorescence;
  • Full-color displays;
  • Green-light emitters;
  • Light-emitting diodes, organic;
  • Photopatterning;
  • Red-light emitters;
  • Thin films, organic;
  • White-light emitters

Abstract

Photochemically induced emission tuning for the definition of pixels emitting the three primary colors, red, green, blue (RGB), in a single conducting polymeric layer is investigated. The approach proposed is based on an acid-induced emission shift of the (1-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]-6-phenylhexatriene) (DMA-DPH) green emitter and acid-induced quenching of the red fluorescent emitter (4-dimethylamino-4′-nitrostilbene) (DANS). The two emitters are dispersed in the wide bandgap conducting polymer poly(9-vinylcarbazole) (PVK), along with a photoacid generator (PAG). In the unexposed film areas, red emission is observed because of efficient energy transfer from PVK and DMA-DPH to DANS. Exposure of selected areas of the film at different doses results in quenching of the red emitter's fluorescence and the formation of green, blue, or even other color-emitting pixels, depending on the exposure dose and the relative concentrations of the different compounds in the film. Organic light-emitting diodes having the PVK polymer containing the appropriate amounts of DMA-DPH, DANS, and PAG as the emitting layer are fabricated and electroluminescence spectra are recorded. The time stability of induced emission spectrum changes and the color stability during device operation are also examined, and the first encouraging results are obtained.