Highly Efficient Non-Doped Blue-Light-Emitting Diodes Based on an Anthrancene Derivative End-Capped with Tetraphenylethylene Groups


  • We thank the National Science Council for financial support. Our special thanks go to Professor C.-H. Cheng for his support and cooperation during the preparation and characterization of the light-emitting devices.


A novel blue-emitting material, 2-tert-butyl-9,10-bis[4-(1,2,2-triphenylvinyl)phenyl]anthracene (TPVAn), which contains an anthracene core and two tetraphenylethylene end-capped groups, has been synthesized and characterized. Owing to the presence of its sterically congested terminal groups, TPVAn possesses a high glass transition temperature (155 °C) and is morphologically stable. Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) utilizing TPVAn as the emitter exhibit bright saturated-blue emissions (Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates of x = 0.14 and y = 0.12) with efficiencies as high as 5.3 % (5.3 cd A–1)—the best performance of non-doped deep blue-emitting OLEDs reported to date. In addition, TPVAn doped with an orange fluorophore served as an authentic host for the construction of a white-light-emitting device that displayed promising electroluminescent characteristics: the maximum external quantum efficiency reached 4.9 % (13.1 cd A–1) with CIE coordinates located at (0.33, 0.39).