Pulsed Laser Deposition and Electrochemical Characterization of LiFePO4–Ag Composite Thin Films

Authors


  • This work was supported by a CERG grant from the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (CityU 1316/03E).

Abstract

A simple approach is proposed to enhance the electrical conductivity of olivine-structured LiFePO4 thin films by uniformly dispersing small fractions of highly conductive silver (ca. 1.37 wt %) throughout the LiFePO4 film. In this approach, a highly densified (>85 %) LiFePO4–Ag target was first fabricated by coating conductive silver nanoparticles onto the surfaces of hydrothermally synthesized LiFePO4 ultrafine particles by a soft chemical route. Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) was then employed to deposit LiFePO4–Ag composite thin films on the Si/SiO2/Ti/Pt substrates. The PLD experimental parameters were optimized to obtain well-crystallized and olivine-phase pure LiFePO4–Ag composite thin films with smooth surfaces and homogeneous thicknesses. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman spectrometry (Raman), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), DC conductivity measurements, cyclic voltammetry(CV), as well as galvanostatic measurements were employed to characterize the as-obtained LiFePO4–Ag composite films. The results revealed that after silver incorporation, the olivine LiFePO4 film cathode shows a superior electrochemical performance with a good combination of moderate specific capacity, stable cycling, and most importantly, a remarkable tolerance against high rates and over-charging and -discharging.

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