Functionalized Asymmetric Linear Acenes for High-Performance Organic Semiconductors


  • M.L.T. acknowledges a Kodak Graduate Fellowship; A.D.R. a Major Grant from Stanford University Undergraduate Advising and Research; T.O. a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) postdoctoral fellowship, and Z.B. acknowledges funding from AFSOR, Stanford GCEP, and a Sloan Research Fellowship. Supporting Information is available online from Wiley InterScience or from the author.


A series of compounds from the tetraceno[2,3-b]thiophene and the anthra[2,3-b]thiophene family of semiconducting molecules has been made. Specifically, synthetic routes to functionalize the parent molecules with bromo and then hexyl groups are shown. The bromo- and hexyl-functionalized tetraceno[2,3-b]thiophene and anthra[2,3-b]thiophene were characterized in the top-contact thin-film transistor (TFT) geometry. They give high mobilities, ranging from 0.12 cm2 V−1 s−1 for α-n-hexylanthra[2,3- b]thiophene to as high as 0.85 cm2 V−1 s−1 for α-bromotetraceno[2,3-b]thiophene. Notably, grain size increases, going from the shorter anthra[2,3-b]thiophene core to the longer tetraceno[2,3-b]thiophene core, with a corresponding increase in mobility. The transition from undesirable 3D to desirable 2D thin-film growth is explained by the increase in length of the molecule, in this case by one benzene ring, which results in an increase in intralayer interactions relative to interlayer interactions.