• switches;
  • transistors;
  • transition metals;
  • metal oxides


An effective stacked memory concept utilizing all-oxide-based device components for future high-density nonvolatile stacked structure data storage is developed. GaInZnO (GIZO) thin-film transistors, grown at room temperature, are integrated with one-diode (CuO/InZnO)–one-resistor (NiO) (1D–1R) structure oxide storage node elements, fabricated at room temperature. The low growth temperatures and fabrication methods introduced in this paper allow the demonstration of a stackable memory array as well as integrated device characteristics. Benefits provided by low-temperature processes are demonstrated by fabrication of working devices over glass substrates. Here, the device characteristics of each individual component as well as the characteristics of a combined select transistor with a 1D–1R cell are reported. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis of a NiO resistance layer deposited by sputter and atomic layer deposition confirms the importance of metallic Ni content in NiO for bi-stable resistance switching. The GIZO transistor shows a field-effect mobility of 30 cm2 V−1 s−1, a Vth of +1.2 V, and a drain current on/off ratio of up to 108, while the CuO/InZnO heterojunction oxide diode has forward current densities of 2 × 104 A cm−2. Both of these materials show the performance of state-of-the-art oxide devices.