Microscopical Investigations of PEDOT:PSS Thin Films



Electron microscopy studies are used to explore the morphology of thin poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and polystyrene sulfonate acid (PEDOT:PSS) films. The figures show that the films are composed of grains with diameters in the range of about 50 nm. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis reveals that individual grains have a PEDOT-rich core and a PSS-rich shell with a thickness of about 5–10 nm. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is then used to analyze the topography of fracture surfaces of ruptured PEDOT:PSS tensile specimens. These AFM scans also show that the films are composed of grains dispersed in a matrix. The investigations presented herein yield a picture of PEDOT:PSS morphology with unprecedented clarity.