Microstructured Arrays of TiO2 Nanotubes for Improved Photo-Electrocatalysis and Mechanical Stability

Authors

  • Daoai Wang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Lanzhou, 730000 (P.R. China)
    2. Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing, 100039 (P.R. China)
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  • Tianchang Hu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Lanzhou, 730000 (P.R. China)
    2. Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing, 100039 (P.R. China)
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  • Litian Hu,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Lanzhou, 730000 (P.R. China)
    • State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Lanzhou, 730000 (P.R. China).
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  • Bo Yu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Lanzhou, 730000 (P.R. China)
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  • Yanqiu Xia,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Lanzhou, 730000 (P.R. China)
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  • Feng Zhou,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Lanzhou, 730000 (P.R. China)
    • State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Lanzhou, 730000 (P.R. China).
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  • Weimin Liu

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Lanzhou, 730000 (P.R. China)
    • State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Chinese Academy of Sciences Lanzhou, 730000 (P.R. China).
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Abstract

The preparation of micropatterned TiO2 nanotubes (NTs) with tunable morphologies by combining laser micromachining technology and an anodization method is reported. The micropatterned structure can be easily designed and fabricated by laser micromachining a titanium substrate, further anodization of which gives nanotube arrays perpendicularly oriented to the titanium surface. The patterned TiO2 NTs show dramatically improved photocurrent and photocatalytic performances because of their enhanced surface area and light-harvesting capability. The photocurrent density and incident-photon-to-current efficiency at the peak absorption increases by 48 and 39%, respectively, compared to a TiO2 NT array without a patterned structure. It was also found that micropatterning dramatically improves the mechanical stability of the TiO2 NTs on the substrate, which otherwise were liable to peel off from the substrate surface. The strategy will reasonably expand the application of TiO2 NTs in a variety of fields that require enhanced photo-electrocatalysis and mechanical stability.

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