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Keywords:

  • nanowires;
  • pulsed-laser deposition;
  • zinc oxide

Abstract

Here, a new method is demonstrated that uses sideways pulsed laser deposition to deliberately bend nanowires into a desired shape after growth and fabricate arc-shaped composite nanowire arrays of a wide range of nanomaterials. The starting nanowires can be ZnO, but the materials to be deposited can be metallic, semiconductor, or ceramic depending on the application. This method provides a general approach for rational fabrication of a wide range of side-by-side or “core–shell” nanowire arrays with controllable degree of bending and internal strain. Considering the ZnO is a piezoelectric and semiconductive material, its electrical properties change when deformed. This technique has potential applications in tunable electronics, optoelectronics, and piezotronics.