Buried electrodes and protection of the semiconductor with a thin passivation layer are used to yield dual-gate organic transducers. The process technology is scaled up to 150-mm wafers. The transducers are potentiometric sensors where the detection relies on measuring a shift in the threshold voltage caused by changes in the electrochemical potential at the second gate dielectric. Analytes can only be detected within the Debye screening length. The mechanism is assessed by pH measurements. The threshold voltage shift depends on pH as ΔVth = (Ctop/Cbottom) × 58 mV per pH unit, indicating that the sensitivity can be enhanced with respect to conventional ion-sensitive field-effect transistors (ISFETs) by adjusting the ratio of the top and bottom gate capacitances. Remaining challenges and opportunities are discussed.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.