A General Electrochemical Strategy for Synthesizing Charge-Transfer Complex Micro/Nanowires

Authors

  • Liang Ren,

    1. Center for Nanochemistry Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS) State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering Peking University, Beijing, 100871 (P. R. China)
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  • Xiaojun Xian,

    1. Center for Nanochemistry Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS) State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering Peking University, Beijing, 100871 (P. R. China)
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  • Kai Yan,

    1. Center for Nanochemistry Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS) State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering Peking University, Beijing, 100871 (P. R. China)
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  • Lei Fu,

    1. Center for Nanochemistry Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS) State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering Peking University, Beijing, 100871 (P. R. China)
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  • Yuwen Liu,

    1. Department of Chemistry Wuhan University Wuhan, 430072 (P. R. China)
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  • Shengli Chen,

    1. Department of Chemistry Wuhan University Wuhan, 430072 (P. R. China)
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  • Zhongfan Liu

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for Nanochemistry Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS) State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering Peking University, Beijing, 100871 (P. R. China)
    • Center for Nanochemistry Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS) State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering Peking University, Beijing, 100871 (P. R. China).
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Abstract

Universal strategies for synthesizing one-dimensional organic nanomaterials are of fundamental importance in the development of more flexible, cheaper and lighter electronics. Charge-transfer (CT) complexes, the major kind of organic conductors, are in the long-term attractive materials owing to their unique crystal structures and conductive properties. In this article, a general strategy for the synthesis of CT complex micro/nanowires based on the localized nanoelectrochemistry using tiny carbon nanotube (CNT) electrodes is presented. This strategy is successfully demonstrated over 12 typical CT complexes, and a general rule for the preparation of various kinds of CT complex micro/nanowires is summarized. The CT complex micro/nanowires thus synthesized have high aspect ratios and long lengths as compared with traditional macroscopic planar electrodes, originating from the one-dimensional structural feature with fewer or no defects and the ultrasmall surface area of the CNT. This work provides a more versatile material basis for the fundamental and application studies of low-dimensional organic conductor materials.

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