Emission Color Tuning in Ambipolar Organic Single-Crystal Field-Effect Transistors by Dye-Doping



The effect of dye-doping in ambipolar light-emitting organic field-effect transistors (LE-OFETs) is investigated from the standpoint of the carrier mobilities and the electroluminescence (EL) characteristics under ambipolar operation. Dye-doping of organic crystals permits not only tuning of the emission color but also significantly increases the efficiency of ambipolar LE-OFETs. A rather high external EL quantum efficiency (∼0.64%) of one order of magnitude higher than that of a pure p-distyrylbenzene (P3V2) single crystal is obtained by tetracene doping. The doping of tetracene molecules into a host P3V2 crystal has almost no effect on the electron mobility and the dominant carrier recombination process in the tetracene-doped P3V2 crystal involves direct carrier recombination on the tetracene molecules.