Polystyrene Arrays: Non-Close-Packed Crystals from Self-Assembled Polystyrene Spheres by Isotropic Plasma Etching: Adding Flexibility to Colloid Lithography (Adv. Funct. Mater. 20/2009)



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Hexagonally ordered arrays of non-close-packed spherical polystyrene (PS) particles are prepared by A. Plettl et al. on page 3279, and exhibit precisely controlled diameters and interparticle distances. An isotropic low-temperature plasma-etching process is applied to extended monolayers of PS colloids deposited onto hydrophilic silicon. These non-close-packed PS arrays are used as masks for the fabrication of arrays of cylindrical nanopores by reactive ion etching.