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Integrating Ionic Gate and Rectifier Within One Solid-State Nanopore via Modification with Dual-Responsive Copolymer Brushes

Authors

  • Wei Guo,

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
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  • Hongwei Xia,

    1. Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China
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  • Liuxuan Cao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Center for Applied Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, P. R. China
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  • Fan Xia,

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
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  • Shutao Wang,

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
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  • Guangzhao Zhang,

    1. Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China
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  • Yanlin Song,

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
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  • Yugang Wang,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Center for Applied Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, P. R. China
    • State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Center for Applied Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, P. R. China.
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  • Lei Jiang,

    Corresponding author
    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
    • Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
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  • Daoben Zhu

    1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
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Abstract

A dual-functional nanofluidic device is demonstrated that integrates the ionic gate and the ionic rectifier within one solid-state nanopore. The functionalities are realized by fabricating temperature- and pH-responsive poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide-co-acrylic acid) brushes onto the wall of a cone-shaped nanopore. At ca. 25 °C, the nanopore works on a low ion conducting state. When the temperature is raised to ca. 40 °C, the nanopore switches to a high ion conducting state. The closing/opening of the nanopore results from the temperature-triggered conformational transition of the attached copolymer brushes. Independently, in neutral and basic solutions, the conical nanopore rectifies the ionic current. While in acid solutions, no ion rectifying properties can be found. The charge properties of the copolymer brushes, combined with the asymmetrical pore geometry, render the nanopore a pH-tunable ionic rectifier. The chemical modification strategy could be applied to incorporate other stimuli-responsive materials for designing smart multi-functional nanofluidic systems resembling the “live” creatures in nature.

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