Get access

Multiscale Pattern Generation in Viscoelastic Polymer Films by Spatiotemporal Modulation of Electric Field and Control of Rheology

Authors

  • Partho S. G. Pattader,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208016, UP, India, Tel: +91–512-259 7026, Fax: +91–512-259 0104
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Indrani Banerjee,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208016, UP, India, Tel: +91–512-259 7026, Fax: +91–512-259 0104
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ashutosh Sharma,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208016, UP, India, Tel: +91–512-259 7026, Fax: +91–512-259 0104
    2. School of Mechanical Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyongsan 712–749, South Korea
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208016, UP, India, Tel: +91–512-259 7026, Fax: +91–512-259 0104.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dipankar Bandyopadhyay

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati 781039, Assam, India
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Electric-field-induced hierarchical, multiscale patterning of incompletely cross-linked viscoelastic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) films is achieved by spatiotemporal variation of the field, which produces a multiplicity of complex mesopatterns from the same electrode. Experiments and simulations are employed to uncover pathways of hierarchical pattern formation. Spatial modulation of the field is introduced by employing different types of simply patterned electrodes: stripes, elevated concentric circular rings, and box-patterned ridges. Multiscale complex structures consisting of increasingly finer primary, secondary, and tertiary hierarchical structures are fabricated by progressively ramping up the electric field while maintaining the integrity of the already formed structures. The latter is achieved by partially cross-linking the films before patterning, which engenders optimal viscosity to prevent a rapid ripening and coalescence of earlier formed patterns. These multiscale structures can be controlled by the geometry and periodicity of patterned electrodes, the strength of the electric field, and its programmable temporal variation. The PDMS patterns are made permanent by complete cross-linking after a desired multiscale structure is obtained.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary