Higher Molecular Weight Leads to Improved Photoresponsivity, Charge Transport and Interfacial Ordering in a Narrow Bandgap Semiconducting Polymer

Authors

  • Minghong Tong,

    1. Center for Polymers and Organic Solids, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106–5090 (USA)
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  • Shinuk Cho,

    1. Center for Polymers and Organic Solids, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106–5090 (USA)
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  • James T. Rogers,

    1. Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106–5050 (USA)
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  • Kristin Schmidt,

    1. Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106–5050 (USA)
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  • Ben B. Y. Hsu,

    1. Center for Polymers and Organic Solids, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106–5090 (USA)
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  • Daniel Moses,

    1. Center for Polymers and Organic Solids, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106–5090 (USA)
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  • Robert C. Coffin,

    1. Center for Polymers and Organic Solids, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry and Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (USA)
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  • Edward J. Kramer,

    1. Materials Department, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106–5050 (USA)
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  • Guillermo C. Bazan,

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for Polymers and Organic Solids, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry and Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (USA)
    • Center for Polymers and Organic Solids, Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry and Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (USA).
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  • Alan J. Heeger

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for Polymers and Organic Solids, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106–5090 (USA)
    • Center for Polymers and Organic Solids, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106–5090 (USA)
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Abstract

Increasing the molecular weight of the low-bandgap semiconducting copolymer, poly[(4,4-didoecyldithieno[3,2-b:2′,3′-d]silole)-2,6-diyl-alt-(2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)-4,7-diyl], Si-PDTBT, from 9 kDa to 38 kDa improves both photoresponsivity and charge transport properties dramatically. The photocurrent measured under steady state conditions is 20 times larger in the higher molecular weight polymer (HMn Si-PDTBT). Different decays of polarization memory in transient photoinduced spectroscopy measurements are consistent with more mobile photoexcitations in HMn Si-PDTBT relative to the lower molecular weight counterpart (LMn Si-PDTBT). Analysis of the current-voltage characteristics of field effect transistors reveals an increase in the mobility by a factor of 700 for HMn Si-PDTBT. Near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy and grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) measurements demonstrate that LMn Si-PDTBT forms a disordered morphology throughout the depth of the film, whereas HMn Si-PDTBT exhibits pronounced π-π stacking in an edge-on configuration near the substrate interface. Increased interchain overlap between polymers in the edge-on configuration in HMn Si-PDTBT results in the higher carrier mobility. The improved optical response, transport mobility, and interfacial ordering highlight the subtle role that the degree of polymerization plays on the optoelectronic properties of conjugated polymer based organic semiconductors.

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